This post may contain affiliate links. If you make a purchase using one of these links it means we may earn a small commission at no extra cost to you. Learn More

Broccoli Plant Growing Stages: Explained

As a starting point, just let me tell you that broccoli is a plant that derives from the cabbage family. It comes from the Italian word Broccolo and means ” the flower on top of a cabbage.

Broccoli belongs to a green family vegetable and appears to be quite rich in nutrition. Eating broccoli regularly can enhance your health and life quality by reducing any possible inflammation, improving blood sugar, and keeping your body in shape.

As a starting point, just let me tell you that broccoli is a plant that derives from the cabbage family.

In order to be a great gardener, first, you have to know the process of development. Let’s go over them and give a detailed description regarding broccoli growth stages.

Broccoli Goes Through 4 Stages of Growing

Below you will find the broccoli plant growing stages.

Stage 1: Germination

Broccoli is a kind of plant that occurs once every year. The germination period is considered the first stage of the growing broccoli. After sowing, the seeds go through moisture, and sunlight and that is my curious friend how the life of the broccoli starts.  

You have to start the process and sow broccoli seedlings six weeks before the temperature fall to 32°F or lower. This time period is called spring frost. Getting a seed tray to hold multiple broccoli seedlings at once or using a container until the broccoli moves to the transplantation stage is the ideal way as starting stage.

Keep in mind that the perfect temperature for germination would be between 65- 85°F. Under normal circumstances, the seeds should begin to sprout in at least 5 or 10 days. 

In sprouting, the seeds absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil. It starts to go up and pass through the surface. The sun exposure will help the leaves go towards developing.

Stage 2: Growing or Seedling  

A young embryonic broccoli plant that has begun to develop leaves and roots is called a seedling. In contrast to the germination stage, the seedling stage of broccoli necessitates maintaining a temperature between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit.

The seedling stage lasts no more than 4 weeks. This period needs the most care. Watering and looking after carefully will give the results you’ve been looking for. Everything is absorbed in the seedling stage and the photosynthesis process has begun. 

Plus, if it requires feeding only in case of slow-release fertilizer that holds nitrogen within. After 4 weeks of passing, you have to move the seeds to a bigger container.

Note: Don’t forget to water the broccolis daily, especially in this stage. Seedling trays come together with water things inside, so just moisten the surface of the soil. Make sure to avoid excessive watering.

Stage 3: Fertile or Vegetative

This is the stage where the Broccolis begin to show themselves. It becomes longer and expands to rise newer leaves, roots, and branches.

The fertile or vegetative stage is the shortest one. At this phase, the plant is grown enough to take nutrients and water from the surface, and with the help of the sunlight, the Broccolis go through photosynthesis. 

During that stage, the seeds should have a really small amount of nitrogen so they can bloom more heads. Besides, try to feed the broccoli with more carbon-oriented ingredients.

Stage 4: Flowering Stage

Flowering is the final stage of the broccoli life cycle. This process begins from 45 days to 65 days after the following plating time. Broccoli can be controlled or determined by the type and trying harder to harvest broccoli heads start to form yellow flowers. This is mainly done if you plan to use them for vegetable reasons.

It’s noteworthy to mention the fact that Broccoli grows yellow flowers super fast. 

In this final stage, the growing cycle stops especially if you grow the plant broccoli indoors. After the heads of Broccolis show themselves, you can start harvesting them, and if the heads maintain, you can also harvest them while flowering.

After they are maturing, the process of deterioration with age in the plant starts which means they completed the given mission and are ready to use. This process is called Senescence and leaves the small seeds behind for further generations to grow. The hormones have succeeded in the genres of senescence and the plant dies.

The maturing time in Broccolis are 50 to 65 days after plating.

Commonly Asked Questions 

Can You Grow Broccoli From Scraps?

Yes, you can but it’s quite hard. If you have the right guidance and add extra care throughout the process, you can make the hard work seem easy. Instead of throwing the leftovers away, you can give them a try. Maybe in near future, you will be proud of yourself, most people plant broccoli in the late winter season and early spring.  

What Does Nitrogen Do to Broccoli Plants?

Using a low nitrogen fertilizer (5-10-10 formula) while the plant is young can make the Broccolis grow about 2 to 3 inches. 

Nitrogen is essential in plants because it takes for granted high yields. If the farmers or gardeners don’t use sufficient nitrogen, it will be harder to prevent the plant from growing or developing properly. 

The lack of nitrogen is caused by high PH levels in the soil. 

Should You Grow the Broccoli Indoor or Outdoor?

Yes, you can grow Broccoli indoors and outdoors. For successful Broccoli growing in indoor ambient, firstly, you need to find a place with direct sunlight exposure otherwise the attempt will be unsuccessful. Plating the Broccolis in a large flowerpot will be a great choice if you plan to keep planting for a long time. 

Growing outdoors will be a better idea since not only will give more material, but also is easier because it needs 6 to 8 hours of sunlight exposure. So instead of moving back and forth the flowerpot, planting them outside with less effort is ideal. 

About Planting Broccoli?

Planting the Broccoli needs at least 6 hours of sun exposure (at least). The ideal is springtime when the temperature is cooler. The Broccoli seeds last 6 to eight weeks to grow in an indoor situation.

The planting process is so simple. Digging a hole that is twice the seed size to give the root the needed space to grow healthier. Fill the leftover soil. Mulch around the plant in order to keep the moisture and the soil temperature. Keep the space in between for about 12 inches. 

A Brief Summary

We have reached the end of the article. As you see there 4 main stages that Broccoli requires and those are germination, growing or seedling stage, fertile or vegetative stage, and final stage is the flowering stage. 

Further Reading

It is super interesting to know the growing stages of different plants too, and that’s why I would like to mention the stages of a cucumber plant. Also, if you love aloe vera just like I do, I would recommend you to find out more about the lifespan and cycle of an aloe vera! Since I mentioned this plant, it is important if you know how to water aloe vera, and the things to do in order to revive aloe vera.

Aurora Hansen

About Us

FlowerPictures is a website dedicated to the most beautiful things in life - PLANTS!

Its run by enthusiast gardeners that have years of experience.